Grid Connected Solar PV System with MPPT and Battery Energy Storage System

Authors

  • B. V. Rajanna Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Varaprasad Reddy Institute of Technology, Sattenapalli, 522438, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Keywords:

Solar PV system, Three level NPC inverter, BESS, MPPT, Space vector modulation

Abstract

A Solar PV system with Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) is connected with battery storage system in a grid integrated system with the help of an improved three-level Neutral Point Clamped (NPC) inverter in this paper. Conditions of DC Voltage in an unbalanced situation of a NPC inverter can generate the required AC voltage accurately using the modulation method of three-level vector. The different configurations of NPC inverter and modulation techniques were described in detail. Power transfer control between the solar PV, battery and grid is done by implementing suitable advanced algorithms to the NPC inverter, which provides convenient Solar PV-MPPT operation. The performance of the NPC Inverter in different configurations with discharging and charging characteristics of the battery under various solar irradiation levels was studied using Matlab/ Simulink software.

References

M. A. Zahedi and A. Mahmud, "A Cooperative Operation of Novel PV Inverter Control Scheme and Storage Energy Management System Based on ANFIS for Voltage Regulation of Grid-Tied PV System," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, Vol. 33, No .5, pp. 2657-2668, 2017.

H. J. Kim, E. S. Shin, Y. S. Lee, J. H. Kim and B. M. Han, "Smooth Operation Transition Scheme for Stand-Alone Power System With EG and BESS-PV Panels," in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 2042-2044, July, 2017.

S. Adhikari and F. Li, "Coordinated V-f and P-Q Control of Solar Photovoltaic Generators With MPPT and Battery Storage in Microgrids," in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 1270-1281, May 2014.

D. Debnath and K. Chatterjee, "Solar photovoltaic-based stand-alone scheme incorporating a new boost inverter," in IET Power Electronics, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 621-630, 2016.

J. Philip et al., "Control and Implementation of a Standalone Solar Photovoltaic Hybrid System," in IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 52, No. 4, pp. 3472-3479, July-Aug. 2016.

D. Sun, B. Ge, W. Liang, H. Abu-Rub and F. Z. Peng, "An Energy Stored Quasi-Z-Source Cascade Multilevel Inverter-Based Photovoltaic Power Generation System," in IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 62, No. 9, pp. 5458-5467, Sept. 2015.

P. García, C. A. García, L. M. Fernández, F. Llorens and F. Jurado, "ANFIS-Based Control of a Grid-Connected Hybrid System Integrating Renewable Energies, Hydrogen and Batteries," in IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, Vol. 10, No.2, pp.1107-1117, May 2014.

V. Karthikeyan and R. Gupta, "Varying phase angle control in isolated bidirectional DC–DC converter for integrating battery storage and solar PV system in standalone mode," in IET Power Electronics, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 471-479, 2017.

U. K. Kalla, B. Singh and S. S. Murthy, "Slide mode control of microgrid using small hydro driven single-phase SEIG integrated with solar PV array," in IET Renewable Power Generation, Vol. 11, No. 11, pp. 1464-1472, 2017.

N. K. Kandasamy, K. Kandasamy and K. J. Tseng, "Loss-of-life investigation of EV batteries used as smart energy storage for commercial building-based solar photovoltaic systems," in IET Electrical Systems in Transportation, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 223-229, 2017.

M. J. E. Alam, K. M. Muttaqi and D. Sutanto, "Effective Utilization of Available PEV Battery Capacity for Mitigation of Solar PV Impact and Grid Support With Integrated V2G Functionality," in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 1562-1571, May 2016.

J. Pou, D. Boroyevich, and R. Pindado, “New feed forward space-vector PWM method to obtain balanced AC output voltages in a three-level neutral point clamped converter,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 49, No. 5, pp. 1026–1034, Oct. 2002.

S. B. Monge, J. Bordonau, D. Boroyevich, and S. Somavilla, “The nearest three virtual space vector PWM-A modulation for the comprehensive neutral-point balancing in the three-level NPC inverter,” IEEE Power Electron. Lett., Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 11–15, Mar. 2004.

J. Pou, D. Boroyevich, and R. Pindado, “Effects of imbalances and nonlinear loads on the voltage balance of a neutral-point-clamped inverter,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 123–131, Jan. 2005.

S. B. Monge, S. Somavilla, J. Bordonau, and D. Boroyevich, “Capacitor voltage balance for the neutral-point-clamped converter using the virtual space vector concept with optimized spectral performance,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 1128–1135, Jul. 2007.

Z. Huibin, S. Jon Finney, A. Massoud, and B. W. Williams, “An SVM algorithm to balance the capacitor voltages of the three-level npc active power filter,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 23, No. 6, pp. 2694–2702, Nov. 2008.

J. Zaragoza, J. Pou, S. Ceballos, E. Robles, P. Ibaez, and J. L. Villate, “A comprehensive study of a hybrid modulation technique for the neutralpoint- clamped converter,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 56, No. 2, pp. 294–304, Feb. 2009.

J. Zaragoza, J. Pou, S. Ceballos, E. Robles, C. Jaen, and M. Corbalan, “Voltage-balance compensator for a carrier-based modulation in the neutral-point-clamped converter,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 56, No. 2, pp. 305–314, Feb. 2009.

M. G. Villalva, J. R. Gazoli, and E. R. Filho, “Comprehensive approach to modeling and simulation of photovoltaic arrays,” IEEE Trans. PowerElectron., Vol. 24, No. 5, pp. 1198–1208, May 2009.

Z. Jian-Yong, S. Zhang-Liang, M. Jun, and L.-f. Wang, “An improved neutral-point voltage balancing algorithm for the npc three-level inverter based on virtual space vector PWM,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Elect. Control Eng., pp. 3283–3287, 2010.

A. Yazdani and R. Iravani, Voltage-Sourced Converters in Power Systems. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 2010.

A. Yazdani and P. P. Dash, “A control methodology and characterization of dynamics for a photovoltaic system interfaced with a distribution network,” IEEE Trans. Power Del., Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 1538–1551, Jul. 2009.

M. Bragard, N. Soltau, S. Thomas, and R. W. De Doncker, “The balance of renewable sources and user demands in grids: Power electronics for modular battery energy storage systems,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 25, No. 12, pp. 3049–3056, Dec. 2010.

O. M. Toledo, D. O. Filho, and A. S. A. C. Diniz, “Distributed photovoltaic generation and energy storage systems: A review,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 506–511, 2010.

J. Wei-dong, D. Shao-wu, C. Liu-chen, Y. Zhang, and Q. Zhao, “Hybrid PWM strategy of SVPWM and VSVPWM for NPC three-level voltage source inverter,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 25, No. 10, pp. 2607– 2619, Oct. 2010.

W. Chenchen and L. Yongdong, “Analysis and calculation of zerosequence voltage considering neutral-point potential balancing in three level npc converters,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 57, No. 7, pp. 2262– 2271, July 2010.

J. Rodriguez, S. Bernet, P. K. Steimer, and I. E. Lizama, “A survey on neutral-point-clamped inverters,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 57, No. 7, pp. 2219–2230, Jul. 2010.

A. Lewicki, Z. Krzeminski, and H. Abu-Rub, “Space-vector pulsewidth modulation for three-level npc converter with the neutral point voltage control,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 58, No. 11, pp. 5076–5086, Nov. 2011.

A. Yazdani, A. R. Di Fazio, H. Ghoddami, M. Russo, M. Kazerani, J. Jatskevich, K. Strunz, S. Leva, and J. A. Martinez, “Modeling guidelines and a benchmark for power system simulation studies of three-phase single-stage photovoltaic systems,” IEEE Transactions on power delivery, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 1247–1264, April 2011.

S. Burusteta, J. Pou, S. Ceballos, I. Marino, and J. A. Alzola, “Capacitor voltage balance limits in a multilevel-converter-based energy storage system,” in Proc. 14th Eur. Conf. Power Electron. Appl., pp. 1–9, Aug./Sep. 2011.

L. Xinchun, Shan Gao, J. Li, H. Lei, and Y. Kang, “A new control strategy to balance neutral-point voltage in three-level NPC inverter,” in Proc.IEEE 8th Int.Conf. Power Electron. ECCE Asia, pp. 2593– 2597, May/Jun. 2011.

J. Pou, J. Zaragoza, S. Ceballos, M. Saeedifard, and D. Boroyevich, “A carrier-based PWM strategy with zero-sequence voltage injection for a three-level neutral-point-clamped converter,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 642–651, Feb. 2012.

M. A. Abdullah, A. H. M. Yatim, C. W. Tan, and R. Saidur, “A review of maximum power point tracking algorithms for wind energy systems,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 16, No. 5, pp. 3220–3227, Jun. 2012.

Y. Liu, B. Ge, H. Abu-Rub and F. Z. Peng, "Control System Design of Battery-Assisted Quasi-Z-Source Inverter for Grid-Tie Photovoltaic Power Generation," in IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 994-1001, Oct. 2013.

T. Wang, H. Kamath and S. Willard, "Control and Optimization of Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Storage Systems Using Model Predictive Control," in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 1010-1017, March 2014.

J. Zeng, W. Qiao and L. Qu, "An Isolated Three-Port Bidirectional DC–DC Converter for Photovoltaic Systems With Energy Storage," in IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 51, No. 4, pp. 3493-3503, July-Aug. 2015.

Y. G. Farrokhfal, F. Kazhamiaka, C. Rosenberg and S. Keshav, "Optimal Design of Solar PV Farms With Storage," in IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 1586-1593, October 2015.

E. B. Ssekulima and A. A. Hinai, "Coordinated voltage control of solar PV with MPPT and battery storage in grid-connected and microgrid modes," 2016 18th Mediterranean Electro technical Conference (MELECON), Lemesos, pp.1-6, 2016.

N. Saxena, I. Hussain, B. Singh and A. L. Vyas, "Implementation of Grid Integrated PV-Battery System for Residential and Electrical Vehicle Applications," in IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 10, No. 99, pp. 6592-6601, August 2018.

Y. Yang, Q. Ye, L. J. Tung, M. Greenleaf and H. Li, "Integrated Size and Energy Management Design of Battery Storage to Enhance Grid Integration of Large-Scale PV Power Plants," in IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 65, No. 1, pp. 394-402, January 2018.

P. V. Subramanyam and C. Vyjayanthi, "Integration of PV and battery system to the grid with power quality improvement features using bidirectional AC-DC converter," 2016 International Conference on Electrical Power and Energy Systems, Bhopal, pp. 127-132, 2016.

Z. Yi, W. Dong and A. H. Etemadi, "A Unified Control and Power Management Scheme for PV-Battery-Based Hybrid Microgrids for Both Grid-Connected and Islanded Modes," in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, Vol. 05, No. 9, pp. 5975-5985, November 2018.

K. S. Rajesh, S. S. Dash, Bayinder, R. Sridhar and R. Rajagopal, "Implementation of an adaptive control strategy for solar photo voltaic generators in microgrlds with MPPT and energy storage," 2016 IEEE International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications (ICRERA), Birmingham, pp. 766-771, 2016.

N. Kebir and M. Maaroufi, "Decision-support model for battery energy storage system inclusion in grid-connected PV systems for medium voltage applications," 2016 IEEE International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications, Birmingham, pp. 897-902, 2016.

B. V. Rajanna, G. J. Rao, S. K. Shrivastava, "Defining Control Strategies for Micro Grids Islanded Operation with Maximum Power Point Tracking using a Fuzzy Logic Control Scheme", in International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems (IJPEDS), Vol: 7, No. 3, September pp.723-732, 2016.

J. Philip et al., "Control and Implementation of a Standalone Solar Photovoltaic Hybrid System,"in IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 52, No. 4, pp. 3472-3479, July-Aug. 2016.

I. A. Pragash, J. Booma and A. J. D. Rega, "An integrated control for standalone PV system with battery management," 2016 International Conference on Circuit, Power and Computing Technologies(ICCPCT), Nagercoil , pp.1-7, 2016.

K. Thirugnanam, S. G. Kerk, C. Yuen and B. Thirunavukarasu, "Battery integrated solar photovoltaic energy management system for micro-grid," 2015 IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies-Asia (ISGTASIA), Bangkok, pp.1-7, 2015.

N. R. Tummuru, M. K. Mishra and S. Srinivas, "Dynamic Energy Management of Hybrid Energy Storage System With High-Gain PV Converter," in IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 150-160, March 2015.

B. Chen, K. H. Kwan and R. Tan, "Battery capacity planning for grid-connected solar photovoltaic systems," Signal and Information Processing Association Annual Summit and Conference (APSIPA), 2014 Asia-Pacific, Siem Reap, pp. 1-5, 2014.

R. Singh, S. F. Taghizadeh and N. M. L. Tan, "Battery energy storage system for PV output leveling based on bidirectional isolated DC-DC converter," 2013 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Developement, Putrajaya, pp. 84-89, 2013.

T. M. Jackson, G. R. Walker and N. Mithulananthan, "Integrating PV systems into distribution networks with battery energy storage systems," 2014 Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference (AUPEC), Perth, WA, pp. 1-7, 2014.

B. V. Rajanna, O. Chandrasekhar, M. Kiran Kumar, "Automatic Meter Reading for Smart Metering by Using QPSK Modem with PLC Channel and GSM Modem ", in Journal of Electrical Engineering (JEE), Vol: 15, No. 4, pp. 1-10, Dec 2015.

S. Parsekar and K. Chatterjee, "A novel strategy for battery placement in standalone solar photovoltaic converter system," 2014 IEEE 40th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC), Denver, CO, pp. 2751-2756, 2014.

X. Li, D. Hui and X. Lai, "Battery Energy Storage Station (BESS)-Based Smoothing Control of Photovoltaic (PV) and Wind Power Generation Fluctuations," in IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 464-473, April 2013.

B. V. Rajanna, K. S. Srikanth, "Advanced Active Power Filter Performance for Grid Integrated Hybrid Renewable Power Generation Systems", in Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS), Vol: 11, No. 1, pp.60-73, July 2018.

B. Ge, Y. Liu, H. A. Rub and F. Z. Peng, "State-of-Charge Balancing Control for Battery Energy Stored Quasi-Z Source Cascaded Multilevel Inverter Based Photovoltaic Power System," in IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 3, No. 99, pp. 1-10, 2018.

B. V. Rajanna, S V N L Lalitha, G. J. Rao, S. K. Shrivastava, "Solar Photovoltaic Generators with MPPT and Battery Storage in Microgrids", in International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems(IJPEDS), Vol: 7, No. 3, pp. 701-712, September 2016.

H. J. Lee, J. Y. Choi, G. S. Park, K. S. Oh and D. J. Won, "Renewable integration algorithm to compensate PV power using battery energy storage system," 2017 6th International Youth Conference on Energy (IYCE), Budapest, pp. 1-6, 2017.

B. V. Rajanna, K. H. Reddy, Ch. R. Reddy, "Resonance Propagation and Elimination in Integrated and Islanded Micro grids", in International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems (IJPEDS), Vol: 9, No. 3, pp.1445-1456, 2018.

A. Merabet, K. T. Ahmed, H. Ibrahim, R. Beguenane and A. M. Y. M. Ghias, "Energy Management and Control System for Laboratory Scale Microgrid Based Wind-PV-Battery," in IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 145-154, Jan. 2017.

B. V. Rajanna, K. S. Srikanth ,"Grid Connected Inverter for Current Control by Using Anti-Islanding Technique" in International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems (IJPEDS), Vol: 9, No: 2, pp.926-932, June 2018.

H. R. Teymour, D. Sutanto, K. M. Muttaqi and P. Ciufo, "Solar PV and Battery Storage Integration using a New Configuration of a Three-Level NPC Inverter With Advanced Control Strategy," in IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 354-365, June 2014.

B. V. Rajanna, M. K. Kumar, "Dynamic Model Development for Lead Acid Storage Battery", in Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (IJEECS), Vol: 15, No. 2, pp. 609-619, Aug 2019.

B. V. Rajanna and M. K. Kumar, "Comparison of one and two time constant models for lithium ion battery," in International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 670-680, Feb 2020.

Additional Files

Published

2022-10-23

How to Cite

B. V. Rajanna. (2022). Grid Connected Solar PV System with MPPT and Battery Energy Storage System. International Transactions on Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 1(1), 8-25. Retrieved from http://iteecs.com/index.php/iteecs/article/view/5

Issue

Section

Articles