PLC Communication using OOK/ASK Modulation for Automatic Meter Reading Systems for Smart Metering in Rural Smart Micro-Grids


  • B. V. Rajanna Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Varaprasad Reddy Institute of Technology, Kantepudi-522438, Guntur, A.P., India


Power Line Communication , Smart Micro-Grid, Smart Metering, Automatic Meter Reading, OOK/ASK and FSK Demodulator and Modulator


Smart Grids are playing an essential role in the modern world. The present research efforts on these smart grids involve the development in the field of Smart Metering. The inexpensiveness, modest and easy to spread out qualities lie in Power Line Communications (PLC) which made them useful in electrical grids. Smart Metering in smart grid uses PLC technology in various architecture of LV grid. This paper proposes a scheme for a Smart Metering network with PLC technology using on-off keying/amplitude-shift keying (OOK/ASK’S) Modulation. PLC with AMR systems used in power delivery system can record illegal electricity usage by detecting system which may be additionally added in the current network. More particularly in rural areas, the PLC with AMR Systems can minimize theft and illegal electricity usage which makes the power distribution authorities revenue earning rise. Fast and Reliable meter reading collection with less error can be achieved with AMR Systems which eliminates the necessity of physically reading the meters. The proposed scheme for Smart Metering has been successfully simulated in MATLAB/Simulink software.


W. H. Kim, S. Lee, & J. Hwang “Real-time energy monitoring and controlling system based on Zigbee sensor networks”, Procedia Computer Science, Vol. 5, pp. 794-797, 2011.

M V Aleyas, N. Antony, T. Sandeep, M. S. Kumar, V. Balakrishnan “Automatic Meter Reading and Load Management using Power Line Carrier Communication”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, Vol.3, No. 5, May 2014.

H. Meng, Y.Ll. Guan and S. Chen, "Modeling and Analysis of Noise Effects on Broadband Power-line Communications”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 630- 637, April 2005.

M. Zimmermann and K. Dostert “Analysis and modeling of impulsive noise in broad-band power line communications”, EEE transactions on Electromagnetic compatibility, Vol. 44, No. 1, pp. 249–258, Feb 2002.

Q. Gao, J. Y. Yu, P. H. J. Chong, P. L. So, and E. Gunawan “Solutions for the silent node problem in an automatic meter reading system using power-line communications,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 150–156, Jan 2008.

B. Sivaneasan, E. Gunawan, and P. L. So, “Modeling and performance analysis of automatic meter-reading systems using PLC under impulsive noise interference”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 25, No. 3, pp. 1465–1475, Jul 2010.

L. AlAbdulkarim and Z. Lukszo, “Impact of privacy concerns on consumers’ acceptance of smart metering in the Netherlands”, 2011 International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control, pp. 287-292, 2011.

Z. Erkin, J. T. Pastoriza, R. Lagendijk, and F. Perez-Gonzalez “Privacy-preserving data aggregation in smart metering systems: An overview,” IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, Vol. 30, No. 2, pp. 7586, Mar 2013.

S. Salinas, M. Li, and P. Li, “Privacy-preserving energy theft detection in smart grids: A P2P computing approach,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol. 31, No. 9, pp. 257–267, Sep 2013.

F. Li, B. Luo and P. Liu “Secure information aggregation for smart grids using homomorphic encryption”, IEEE international conference on smart grid communications, Gaithersburg, MD, USA, pp. 327–332, Oct 2010.

Xun Long, W. Parent and E. Staff, "Influence of power quality on FortisAlberta's PLC based Automatic Meter Reading system”, IEEE Electrical Power and Energy Conference, London, pp. 164-168, 2015.

B. Stephen, F. R. Isleifsson, S. Galloway, G. M. Burt and H. W. Bindner "Online AMR Domestic Load Profile Characteristic Change Monitor to Support Ancillary Demand Services”, IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 888-895, March 2014.

A. Krutina and J. Bartovský, "PLC communication in Smart Grid “Proceedings of the 15th International Scientific Conference on Electric Power Engineering, Brno, pp. 165-168, 2014.

H. A. Foudeh and A. S. Mokhtar "Automated Meter Reading and Advanced Metering Infrastructure projects”, Jordanian International Electrical and Electronics Engineering Conference, Amman, pp.1-6, 2015.

W. Ding “Spectrally Efficient CSI Acquisition for Power Line Communications: A Bayesian Compressive Sensing Perspective”, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol. 34, No.7, pp. 2022-2032, July 2016.

A. Cataliotti "A Prototypal Architecture of a IEEE 21451 Network for Smart Grid Applications Based on Power Line Communications”, IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 15, No. 5, pp. 2460-2467, May 2015.

P. Lv, X. Wang, Y. Yang and M. Xu "Network Virtualization for Smart Grid Communications," IEEE Systems Journal, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 471-482, June 2014.

G. Kaddoum and N. Tadayon, "Differential Chaos Shift Keying: A Robust Modulation Scheme for Power- Line Communications," IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, Vol. 64, No. 1, pp. 31-35, Jan 2017.

K. M. Rabie and E. Alsusae "On Improving Communication Robustness in PLC Systems for More Reliable Smart Grid Applications”, IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, Vol. 6, No. 6, pp. 2746-2756, Nov 2015.

A. C. Adewole, R. Tzoneva and A. Apostolov, "Adaptive under-voltage load shedding scheme for large interconnected smart grids based on wide area synchrophasor measurements," IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, Vol. 10, No. 8, pp. 1957-1968, 2016.

B. Subhash and V. Rajagopal, "Overview of smart metering system in Smart Grid scenario," Power and Energy Systems: Towards Sustainable Energy, Bangalore, pp. 1-6, 2014.

X. Liu, Juan Wang, Yanxiang Li, Haitao Wu, Rui Zhang and Honglin Zhu "Design of narrow-band high speed power-line communications system based on G3-PLC in smart grid," World Congress on Intelligent Control and Automation, Shenyang, pp. 3159-3163, 2014.

J. H. Huh and K. Seo, "Smart Grid Framework Test Bed Using OPNET and Power Line Communication”, Joint 8th International Conference on Soft Computing and Intelligent Systems (SCIS) and 17th International Symposium on Advanced Intelligent Systems (ISIS), Sapporo, pp. 736-742, 2016.

N. Uribe-Pérez et al., "TCP/IP capabilities over NB-PLC for Smart Grid applications: Field validation," IEEE International Symposium on Power Line Communications and its Applications, Madrid, pp. 1-5, 2017.

P. I. Yakimov "Approaches and instruments for overcoming the challenges of the smart grids control”, IEEE International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference , Varna, pp. 790-794, 2016.

M. V. Ribeiro "A novel power line communication system for outdoor electric power grids”, IEEE International Symposium on Power Line Communications and Its Applications (ISPLC), Austin, TX, pp.228-233, 2015.

B V Rajanna, O.C. Sekhar, M. K. Kumar, "Automatic Meter Reading for Smart Metering by using QPSK Modem With PLC Channel and GSM Modem, "Journal of Electrical Engineering, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 1-10, May 2015.

B. V. Rajanna, S. V. N. L Lalitha, G. J. Rao, SK. Shrivastava, "BPSK Modulation and Demodulation with Power Line Carrier Communication and GSM Communication for Smart Metering", International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 713–722, Sep 2016.

K. Yasin "A survey on smart metering and smart grid communication." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 57, pp. 302-318, 2016.

S. Konark, and L. M. Saini "Power-line communications for smart grid: Progress, challenges, opportunities and status”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 67, pp. 704-751, 2017.

D. Almeida, L.F. Fernandes, L. A. M. Pereira, A. C. S. L. L. Mendes, J. Rodrigues, R. L. Rabelo, and A. M. Alberti. "Control Networks and Smart Grid Tele protection: Key Aspects, Technologies, Protocols, and Case-Studies”, IEEE Access, Vol. 8, pp. 174049-174079, 2021.

A. G. A. Cataliotti, V. Cosentino, D. D. Cara, R. Fiorelli, S. Guaiana, N. Panzavecchia and G. Tine "A new PLC-based smart metering architecture for medium/low voltage grids: Feasibility and experimental characterization”, Measurement, Vol. 129, pp. 479-488, 2018.

A. Nikoleta, M. O. Guardiola, and G. Fulli. "Telecommunication technologies for smart grid projects with focus on smart metering applications”, Energies, Vol. 9, No. 5, pp. 375-384, 2016.

S. S. Mahaboob, C. N. Kumar, and D. C. Rambabu “Bidirectional Resonant DC–DC Converter using Fuzzy Logic Controller for Hybrid Power Generators”, Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research, Vol. 8, No.3, pp. 0520-0528, 2016.

Additional Files



How to Cite

B. V. Rajanna. (2021). PLC Communication using OOK/ASK Modulation for Automatic Meter Reading Systems for Smart Metering in Rural Smart Micro-Grids. International Transactions on Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2(2), 43-55. Retrieved from